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How to Make Money From Sugarcane Farming in Florida as a Black Entrepreneur


Sugarcane is a giant grass that flourishes in South Florida’s abundant rainfall, sunshine, and fertile muck soils. Each stalk has over 70% water, and the rest is fibre and sugar. The crop has between twelve and fifteen months of growing circle. It’s often planted between September and January every year and harvested in late September or April. Continue reading to learn how to make money from sugarcane farming in Florida as an African American entrepreneur. 

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Is Sugarcane Farming Profitable? 

A review on the profitability of sugarcane farms. Video Credit: @naturaldiscover7060

Since the mid-1990s, sugarcane and sugar beets have accounted for about 45% and 55%, respectively, of domestic sugar production. Besides sugar production, it’s also used for chewing and extraction of juice for beverage purposes.

You can get different byproducts from sugarcane, including bagasse, molasses and filter mud. These byproducts have different applications in several industries. 

Basically, the sugarcane farming industry contributes greatly to the socioeconomic development of the United States. 

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How to Start a Profitable Sugarcane Farming in Florida

If you’re thinking of starting a profitable sugarcane farm in Florida, here are the steps you need to follow: 

Find a Vacant Land 

The first step to getting started is finding and preparing a vacant land. You start by ploughing 2 to 4 times at a depth of 45-60 cm. The reason is that about 75% of the sugarcane root system is present in the soil layer.

A proper soil condition for sugarcane cultivation is one in which there’s a:  

  • 50% soil practice (5% organic matter + 45% mineral matter)
  • 25% water 
  • 25% air


You can use four different methods to plant sugarcane. The four methods include: 

If you choose the flatbed or the ridge and furrow cultivation method, you’ll need to form it. You can form ridges and furrows manually or with bullock / tractor-drawn ridges. Your choice will depend on your budget. 

However, if you’re using the rayungan method, you won’t plant directly on the farmland. You’ll first plant elsewhere and transplant the sprouted sets to the main field after six weeks. 


A sugarcane farm needs an optimum water supply according to its soil type, season, and growth stage. On the downside, heavy irrigation can destroy soil waterlogging conditions, soil salt accumulation, and soil structure. It can also cause a waste of water. 

On the other hand, the lack of water can cause low yield, stunted growth, and pith formation in cane. So, you want to ensure that you provide the adequate amount needed for your sugarcane farm to flourish. 

You should form drainage channels deeper than the irrigation channels around the farm. Having a properly prepared farmland with proper drainage and adding organic matter will help your sugar grow very well. 

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Weed Control and Plant Protection

You need to regularly remove unwanted plants from the farm to enable sugarcane to receive adequate sunlight. Depending on the intensity of the weeds, you can give between two and five hand weeding at 20-day intervals. 

One of the easiest ways to get rid of weeds from your sugarcane farm is the application of weedicides. You can easily order weedicides from Amazon using your desktop computer or mobile devices. 

Besides weed control, you also need to protect your sugarcane farm from diseases and pests. The common pests that will likely attack your sugarcane farming project are mealy bugs, grasshoppers, top shoot borers, stem borers, perilla, termites, and woolly aphids.

Finally, you have to protect the plant from diseases, such as twisted top, grassy shoot, whip smut, red – rot, and mosaic. You can also find pesticides for your Floride sugarcane farming project on Amazon


Sugarcane needs to be harvested at the appropriate time. Late or early harvesting can cause reduced quantity and quality of the final product. 

You can use machines or a cane-cutting knife to harvest your sugarcane. The tool you choose will depend on the quantity of sugarcane that you’re harvesting. 

Marketing and Distribution

After harvesting the sugarcane, the next step is to market, distribute, and sell it. Your target customers will likely be sugar mills. However, you need to read sugarcane marketing regulations within Florida and develop a marketing plan for your business. You can getone or two marketing guides from Amazon to learn how best to promote and market your product. 

Starting a sugarcane farming business can be profitable for African Americans in Florida. The good thing is that you can start it on a large or small scale, depending on your budget. Just follow the steps covered here if you would like to profit from the sugarcane market. 

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Uchenna Agwu
Uchenna Agwu
Hi there! I’m Uchenna Agwu, and I love to write. When I’m not writing, you can usually find me reading books or watching documentaries (I’m a bit of a nerd). But I also like to get out and explore – whether that means going on hikes or checking out new restaurants.


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