We all love the Caribbean. However, it has a dark past that still haunts it to this day. Many black people from around the world will have unpleasant tales about their ancestors, how they ended up in the Caribbean, and what they were subjected to.
In this article, we dig into the history books to learn more about Caribbean black history.
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High Death Rate
Enslaved Africans died at a high rate during their transportation to the Caribbean or during their work in the plantations. Some studies show that about 12% of African slaves died on British ships between 1701 and 1807. Others put that figure at 25%.
The death rate at the plantations is said to be high but figures aren’t provided. These are attributed to the extremely long hours, poor living conditions, and eating poorly.
Presence of Many African Slaves
Before the Europeans invaded the Caribbean in the 15th and 19th centuries, it was occupied by indigenous people. After the importation of African slaves left a mixed population of Africans, Europeans, and the original people. Countries like Haiti are now largely black.
After being granted full citizenship during the French Revolution, they demanded their own independence. In 1791 and 1804, they declared national sovereignty, making them the first black country to gain independence.
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Hotbed of Slavery
During the 15th and 16th centuries, Africans were taken to the Caribbean through the Trans-Atlantic slave trade. It’s estimated that about 5 million Africans were enslaved. They worked on sugarcane farms and did household chores for their masters.
As a result of their skin color, the slaves were treated inhumanely as white people considered them inferior. Today, they are referred to as Afro-Caribbeans and are largely associated with West Africa and other European nations – England, France, and Spain.
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Slavery Fell in the 19th Century
The resistance against slavery began in the French territory of St Domingue and was successful. This led to more slaves escaping and forming a group known as the Maroons.
Eventually, the colonialists couldn’t withstand the pressure and handed the slaves their freedom. This happened in the 1830s in the British Caribbean. To help in the transition, a system described as apprenticeship was introduced but things remained unequal even after.
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Federation With Britain Collapsed
After Haiti gained its independence in 1804, the Dominican Republic in 1844, Jamaica, and Trinidad & Tobago, the federation with Great Britain collapsed in 1962. Four years after that, the federation dissolved completely when Barbados left the federation.
In 2021, Barbados became a republic after partying ways with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state. The Island’s governor-general Dame Sandra Mason was declared the president-elect. That said, Barbados is still part of the Commonwealth. Should other Caribbean nations part ways with the British royal family?
If you’re interested in the history of the Caribbean or slavery, many books on Amazon can help you learn more.
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